Sennuba™ Plume Suppression Technology
Going Beyond Expectations Thanks to MECS® DynaWave® SRU Scrubber With Sennuba™ Plume Suppression Technology
All wet scrubbers generate steam. While a visible steam plume from the stack is harmless, it is visually unappealing and contributes to a public perception of pollution.
The traditional solution to suppress steam plume formation from SRU tailgas scrubbers relied on gas-to-gas heat (GGH) exchangers. The MECS® DynaWave® Sennuba™ plume suppression technology offers several advantages over conventional GGH technology:
• Low capital expenditure
• Minimal risk of plugging
• Improved corrosion control
• Based on standard refinery shell and tube ASME TEMA exchanger design
How Sennuba™ Heat Recovery Plume Suppression Technology Works
There are three common methods to suppress steam plume formation: subcooling the gas, diluting the gas or reheating the gas stack.
Subcooling of the gas requires the use of cooling water in the scrubber circulation loop to cool the gas to 30 °C or lower. This typically requires a redesign of the scrubbing system.
Gas dilution entails mixing of hot air or combustion gases with the stack gas to lower the gas dew point. This option may not be viable in some cases due to local regulations.
The third option is to reheat the gas. This can be achieved using an external energy source and a gas-to-gas heat exchanger, which would translate into high operating costs.
The Sennuba™ plume suppression technology, however, reheats the gas by exchanging the stack gas with the gas coming into the scrubber using two heat exchangers and a heat transfer medium. The technology, therefore, does not need an external energy source nor results, in high running costs.
The Sennuba™ technology uses two separate thermoshyphon shell and tube heat exchangers as well as steam and condensate as a heat transfer medium. Incoming hot gas vaporizes the condensate and creates steam in the Hot Side Exchanger. This steam heats the scrubber exit gas and condenses in the Cold Side Exchanger before returning to the Hot Side Exchanger. This design means there is no forced circulation of the heat transfer medium. The process gas/stack gas flows through the tube side. Steam is kept on the shell side. There is no chance of leakage of the process gas directly to the stack gas.
The Benefits of Sennuba™ Plume Suppression Technology
Low Capital Expenditure
The unique design of the Sennuba™ plume suppression technology exchangers allows for the use of cost-effective 316L stainless steel in the fabrication of the Sennuba™ exchangers. Because Sennuba™ technology uses steam as a heat transfer media, it avoids exposing construction materials to a corrosive environment as gas-to-gas heat exchangers do when cold gas condenses SO2 and SO3 on the hot side exchanger. Many GGH exchangers must therefore be fabricated out of a high-cost alloy such as Duplex 2205 stainless steel or a 5% molybdenum alloy such as AL6XN.
The construction of a typical gas-to-gas heat exchanger contains a section in the exchanger that exposes the hot side gas to the cold side gas. This may result in lowering the temperature of the incoming gas below the dew point, thereby causing dew point corrosion. The Sennuba™ design separates the two gas streams, using steam as a heat transfer medium. As the temperature of the steam always remains above the dew point, no part of the heat exchanger will be at risk of corrosion caused by temperatures that fall below the dew point.
Minimal Risk of Plugging
Sennuba™ technology is far less liable to plugging because the gas is kept to the tube side of the heat exchanger. The technology is designed with 1.25” diameter tubes (almost 32 mm), making it very difficult for solids to accumulate. In the unlikely event that the tubes do plug, they can be cleaned very easily by hydroblasting. Gas-to-gas plate heat exchangers are designed with very small plate openings. They are therefore at much greater risk of plugging. If they do, the plates on a GGH exchanger cannot be cleaned.
Refinery Tried-and-Tested Heat Exchangers
The heat exchangers used in the design of the Sennuba™ plume suppression system are standard shell and tube ASME TEMA exchangers of the type used throughout refineries. This design is well known in the refinery industry and has proven its effectiveness whereas conventional gas-to-gas exchangers are not as common in the refining industry.